The VL53L0 uses ST’s FlightSense technology to precisely measure how long it takes for emitted pulses of infrared laser light to reach the nearest object and be reflected back to a detector, so it can be considered a tiny, self-contained lidar system. This time-of-flight (TOF) measurement enables it to accurately determine the absolute distance to a target without the object’s reflectance greatly influencing the measurement.
VL53L0X distance sensor Description:
Model: GY – VL53L0X
Distance: up to 2 m (6.6 ft) with 1 mm resolution
Power supply: 2.8 to 5 v
Communication protocol: I2C communication protocol (fully compatible with 3-5 v system)
Module size: 10.5 mm * 13.3 mm
This video is about the same module but from another manufacturer: